what's the disease?

Definition of chronic kidney Disease:

Of course, everyone knows the vital role of the kidneys in maintaining a healthy human body and filter kidneys’ wastes. It is also called chronic kidney failure, describes the gradual loss of kidney function. In the early stages of chronic kidney disease (I, II, III, IV) the patient may or may not have few signs or symptoms that cannot be distinguished from symptoms of other diseases.

Chronic kidney Disease may not become symptomized apparent until the kidney function is significantly impaired.

Treatment for chronic kidney disease focuses on slowing the progression of the kidney damage, usually by controlling the underlying cause to avoid progression to end stage kidney diseases stage VI.

Signs and symptoms of chronic kidney disease develop over time if kidney damage progresses slowly.

Signs and symptoms of kidney disease may include:

  • Changes in urine output
  • Vomiting
  • Loss of appetite
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Sleep problems
  • Decreased mental sharpness
  • Muscle twitches and cramps
  • Swelling of feet and ankles
  • Persistent itching

Signs and symptoms of kidney disease are often nonspecific, meaning they can also be caused by other illnesses. Chronic kidney disease occurs when a disease or condition impairs kidney function, causing kidney damage to worsen over several months or years. Chronic kidney disease can progress to end-stage kidney failure, which is fatal without artificial filtering (dialysis).


It is the process of filtering the blood, the way kidneys normally do, using a machine. A patient has two catheters, or small tubes, inserted. One catheter is placed in a vein and the other in an artery.

The arterial catheter removes the blood from the patient where it then travels into a dialysis machine. The dialysis machine filters the blood to rid it of waste products, similar to the way the kidneys normally do.

The filtered blood then returns to the patient through the venous catheter. The dialysis process takes 12 hours per week with 3 successful session every other day.